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Ongoing Projects

(2020-2023) TRESPASS-ETN
Title: Training in Secure and Privacy-preserving Biometrics
Type: H2020 Marie Curie Initial Training Network
Code: H2020-MSCA-ITN-2019-860813
Funding: ca. 502 Keuros
Participants: UAM, Univ. Applied Sciences H-DA (Germany), Univ. Groningen (Netherlands), IDIAP (Switzerland), Chalmers Univ. (Sweden), Katholieke Univ. Leuven (Belgium)
Period: January 2020 – December 2023
Principal investigator(s): Massimiliano Todisco (Julian Fierrez and Aythami Morales for UAM)

Objectives:
  • To combat rising security challenges, the global market for biometric technologies is growing at a fast pace. It includes all processes used to recognise, authenticate and identify persons based on biological and/or behavioural characteristics.
  • The EU-funded TReSPAsS-ETN project will deliver a new type of security protection (through generalised presentation attack detection (PAD) technologies) and privacy preservation (through computationally feasible encryption solutions).
  • The TReSPAsS-ETN Marie Sklodowska-Curie early training network will couple specific technical and transferable skills training including entrepreneurship, innovation, creativity, management and communications with secondments to industry.

Selected publications:
  • A. Morales, A. Acien, J. Fierrez, J. V. Monaco, R. Tolosana, R. Vera-Rodriguez and J. Ortega-Garcia, "Keystroke Biometrics in Response to Fake News Propagation in a Global Pandemic", in IEEE Intl. Workshop on Secure Digital Identity Management (SDIM), Madrid, Spain, July 2020. [PDF] [DOI]
  • O. Delgado-Mohatar, R. Tolosana, J. Fierrez and A. Morales, "Blockchain in the Internet of Things: Architectures and Implementation", in IEEE Conf. on Computers, Software, and Applications (COMPSAC), Madrid, Spain, July 2020. [PDF] [DOI]
  • A. Peña, I. Serna, A. Morales and J. Fierrez, "Bias in Multimodal AI: Testbed for Fair Automatic Recruitment", in IEEE/CVF Conf. on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition Workshops (CVPRw), Seattle, USA, June 2020. [PDF] [DOI]

Web: https://www.trespass-etn.eu/
(2020-2023) PRIMA
Title: Privacy Matters
Type: H2020 Marie Curie Initial Training Network
Code: H2020-MSCA-ITN-2019-860315
Funding: ca. 485 Keuros
Participants: UAM, Univ. of Kent (UK), NTNU (Norway), NR (Norway), Julius-Max Univ. (Germany), Katholieke Univ. Leuven (Belgium)
Period: January 2020 – December 2023
Principal investigator(s): Raymond Veldhuis (Ruben Vera-Rodriguez and Julian Fierrez for UAM)

Objectives:
  • To train 14 creative, entrepreneurial, and innovative researchers as privacy protection experts.
  • To contribute to a full understanding of the multidisciplinary nature of privacy protection in a digitalised society.
  • To contribute to the development of solutions that address this important societal challenge.

Selected publications:
  • P. Perera, J. Fierrez and V. Patel, "Quickest Intruder Detection for Multiple User Active Authentication", in IEEE Intl. Conf. on Image Processing (ICIP), Abu Dhabi, UAE, October 2020. [PDF]
  • A. Acien, J. V. Monaco, A. Morales, R. Vera-Rodriguez and J. Fierrez, "TypeNet: Scaling up Keystroke Biometrics", in IEEE/IAPR Intl. Joint Conf. on Biometrics (IJCB), Houston, USA, September 2020. [PDF] [DOI]
  • A. Acien, A. Morales, R. Vera-Rodriguez, J. Fierrez and O. Delgado, "Smartphone Sensors For Modeling Human-Computer Interaction: General Outlook And Research Datasets For User Authentication", in IEEE Intl. Workshop on Consumer Devices and Systems (CDS), Madrid, Spain, July 2020. [PDF] [DOI]

Web: https://www.prima-itn.eu/
(2019-2025) IDEA-FAST
Title: Identifying Digital Endpoints to Assess Fatigue, Sleep and Activities in Daily Living in Neurodegenerative Disorders and Immune-mediated Inflammatory Diseases
Type: H2020 Innovative Medicines Initiative 2 (IMI2) - Research and Innovation Action (RIA)
Code: H2020-JTI-IMI2-2018-15-two-stage-853981
Funding: ca. 40 Meuros in total (ca. 200 Keuros for UAM)
Participants: UAM + 44 more: Janssen, Takeda, Lilly, Pfizer, Sanofi, ECRIN, Cambridge Cognition, Asociación de Parkinson Madrid, Imperial College London, etc.
Period: November 2019 - April 2025
Principal investigator(s): Fai Ng from Newcastle Univ., UK (Julian Fierrez for UAM)

Objectives:
  • Fatigue and sleep disturbances are two common and disabling symptoms that affect patients with neurodegenerative disorders (NDD) and immune-mediated inflammatory diseases (IMID). These symptoms are major predictors of poor quality of life and increased healthcare cost. Current questionnaire-based approaches to measure these symptoms have key limitations preventing them from being used as reliable endpoints in clinical trials to evaluate the effect of therapies.
  • IDEA-FAST aims to address these issues by identifying novel digital endpoints for fatigue and sleep disturbances that will provide more objective, sensitive and reliable measures of the severity and impact of these symptoms in ecological settings. Such digital endpoints will not only help to gain insight into the underpinning mechanisms of fatigue and sleep disturbances, but will also vastly improve the efficiency of clinical trials, ultimately reducing the time and cost to bring new therapies to patients.
  • To identify these digital endpoints, we will follow the recommendations of the Clinical Trials Transformation Initiative (CTTI). We will identify the characteristics that fatigue and sleep disturbances will have impact, then select the digital measures (endpoints) to quantify them, followed by choosing the appropriate digital device/technology accordingly. We will then perform a pilot study to prioritise a few of these candidate digital endpoints for validation. We will test the performance of these digital endpoints in two NDD and four IMID in a large longitudinal study during which extensive relevant clinical data will be collected. If these digital endpoints were validated, we will seek support from EMA/FDA for their qualification. Patient users’ perspective, ethical, data privacy, legal and other regulatory issues will be taken into consideration in all aspects of our proposal.
  • The resultant digital biobank from the longitudinal study will become an invaluable resource for future exploitation.

Selected publications:
  • J. Hernandez-Ortega, J. Fierrez, A. Morales and D. Diaz, "A Comparative Evaluation of Heart Rate Estimation Methods using Face Videos", in IEEE Intl. Workshop on Medical Computing (MediComp), Madrid, Spain, July 2020. [PDF] [DOI]
  • A. Acien, A. Morales, R. Vera-Rodriguez, J. Fierrez and O. Delgado, "Smartphone Sensors For Modeling Human-Computer Interaction: General Outlook And Research Datasets For User Authentication", in IEEE Intl. Workshop on Consumer Devices and Systems (CDS), Madrid, Spain, July 2020. [PDF] [DOI]

Web: https://idea-fast.eu/

Finished Projects

(2020-2021) REAVIPERO
Title: Spanish Network of Machine Learning and Computer Vision for Human Analysis and Robotic Perception
Type: Spanish National R&D Program, Research Network
Code: RED2018-102511-T
Funding: 10 Keuros (Full project)
Participants: 8 Spanish universities, including Univ. Autonoma de Madrid
Period: January 2020 - December 2021
Principal investigator(s): Filiberto Pla (Julian Fierrez for UAM)

Objectives:
  • To foster collaboration between Spanish research groups working in Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition.

Selected publications:
  • A. Peña, I. Serna, A. Morales, J. Fierrez and A. Lapedriza, "Facial Expressions as a Vulnerability in Face Recognition", in IEEE Intl. Conf. on Image Processing (ICIP), Anchorage, Alaska, USA, September 2021, pp. 2988-2992. [PDF] [DOI]

Web: https://www.init.uji.es/reavipero/index.html
(2019-2021) BIBECA
Title: Biometrics and Behavior for Context-Aware and Secure Human-Computer Interaction
Type: Spanish National R&D Program
Code: RTI2018-101248-B-I00
Funding: ca. 243 Keuros
Participants: Univ. Autonoma de Madrid
Period: January 2019 - December 2021
Principal investigator(s): Julian Fierrez and Aythami Morales

Objectives:
  • Generating a better understanding about the nature of biometrics in terms of distinctiveness, permanence, and relation to stress levels and emotions. New methods for analyzing and modelling complex yet structured relations on heterogeneous data will be developed in BIBECA.
  • Design of robust algorithms in terms of biometric representation and matching from uncooperative users in unconstrained and varying scenarios. BIBECA will contribute in this topic to: innovative adaptive fusion schemes, and public databases with heterogeneous continuous biometrics, in realistic mobile and desktop setups.
  • Experimental exploration and technology development towards new biometrics applications: mobile authentication and ubiquitous biometrics.
  • Understand and improve the usability of biometric systems.
  • Understand and improve the security in biometric systems. BIBECA will track the advances in security against attacks and privacy preservation in biometric systems, and will adapt and investigate those advances for the kind of human interaction signals to be explored during the project implementation.

Selected publications:
  • R. Tolosana, R. Vera-Rodriguez, J. Fierrez and J. Ortega-Garcia, "BioTouchPass2: Touchscreen Password Biometrics Using Time-Aligned Recurrent Neural Networks", IEEE Transactions on Information Forensics and Security, vol. 15, pp. 2616-2628, 2020. [PDF] [DOI] [Dataset] [Tech]
  • A. Acien, A. Morales, R. Vera-Rodriguez, J. Fierrez and O. Delgado, "Smartphone Sensors For Modeling Human-Computer Interaction: General Outlook And Research Datasets For User Authentication", in IEEE Intl. Workshop on Consumer Devices and Systems (CDS), Madrid, Spain, July 2020. [PDF] [DOI]
  • J. Hernandez-Ortega, J. Fierrez, A. Morales and D. Diaz, "A Comparative Evaluation of Heart Rate Estimation Methods using Face Videos", in IEEE Intl. Workshop on Medical Computing (MediComp), Madrid, Spain, July 2020. [PDF] [DOI]
(2017-2021) COST MULTI-FORESEE
Title: Multi-modal Imaging of Forensic Science Evidence - Tools for Forensic Science
Type: COST Action, Intergovermental Framework for European Cooperation in the Field of Technical and Scientific Research
Code: COST CA16101
Funding: ca. 400 Keuros (Full project)
Participants: 27 EU Countries
Period: March 2017 - September 2021
Principal investigator(s): Simona Francese and Massimo Tistarelli

Objectives:
  • To promote innovative, multi-informative, operationally deployable and commercially exploitable imaging solutions/technology to analyse forensic evidence.
  • Forensic evidence includes, but not limited to, fingermarks, hair, paint, biofluids, digital evidence, fibers, documents and living individuals.
  • Imaging technologies include optical, mass spectrometric, spectroscopic, chemical, physical and digital forensic techniques complemented by expertise in IT solutions and computational modelling.

Selected publications:
  • J. Fierrez, A. Morales, R. Vera-Rodriguez and D. Camacho, "Multiple Classifiers in Biometrics. Part 2: Trends and Challenges", Information Fusion, Vol. 44, pp. 103-112, November 2018. [PDF] [DOI]

Web: http://www.cost.eu/COST_Actions/ca/CA16101
(2016-2018) COGNIMETRICS
Title: Cognitive Biometric Authentication: Human Interaction for Identification
Type: Spanish National R&D Program
Code: TEC2015-70627-R
Funding: ca. 280 Keuros
Participants: Univ. Autonoma de Madrid
Period: January 2016 - December 2018
Principal investigator(s): Julian Fierrez and Javier Ortega-Garcia

Objectives:
  • Proposal and development of novel cognitive authentication schemes based on behavioral biometrics from heterogeneous data sets originating from human-machine interaction.
  • Improving the state of the art in continuous authentication systems making use of biometrics.
  • Proposal and development of novel user-dependent information fusion schemes, adaptive over time, and making use of context information.

Selected publications:
  • J. Fierrez, A. Morales, R. Vera-Rodriguez and D. Camacho, "Multiple Classifiers in Biometrics. Part 2: Trends and Challenges", Information Fusion, Vol. 44, pp. 103-112, November 2018. [PDF] [DOI]
  • J. Hernandez-Ortega, A. Morales, J. Fierrez and A. Acien, "Detecting Age Groups Using Touch Interaction Based on Neuromotor Characteristics", IET Electronics Letters, pp. 1-2, September 2017. [PDF] [DOI]
  • A. Morales, J. Fierrez, R. Tolosana, J. Ortega-Garcia, J. Galbally, M. Gomez-Barrero, A. Anjos and S. Marcel, "Keystroke Biometrics Ongoing Competition", IEEE Access, Vol. 4, pp. 7736-7746, November 2016. [PDF] [DOI]
(2015-2017) SPATEK
Title: Spanish Network for TeraHertz Technologies
Type: Spanish National R&D Program, Consolider Network
Code: TEC2015-68766-REDC
Funding: ca. 52 Keuros (Full project)
Participants: 14 Spanish universities, including Univ. Autonoma de Madrid
Period: December 2015 - November 2017
Principal investigator(s): Jordi Romeu (Julian Fierrez for UAM)

Objectives:
  • To extend the research activities conducted during TERASANSE.

Selected publications:
  • E. Gonzalez-Sosa, R. Vera-Rodriguez, J. Fierrez and V. M. Patel, "Exploring Body Shape from mmW Images for Person Recognition", IEEE Transactions on Information Forensics and Security, Vol. 12, n. 9, pp. 2078-2089, September 2017. [PDF] [DOI]

Web: http://www.terasense.org/
(2013-2015) BIO-SHIELD
Title: Evaluation of Performance and Countermeasures against Attacks and Threats on Biometrics Systems
Type: Spanish National R&D Program
Code: TEC2012-34881
Participants: Univ. Autonoma de Madrid
Period: January 2013 - December 2015
Principal investigator(s): Javier Ortega-Garcia

Selected publications:
  • J. Galbally, S. Marcel and J. Fierrez, "Biometric Anti-spoofing Methods: A Survey in Face Recognition", IEEE Access, Vol. 2, pp. 1530-1552, December 2014. [PDF] [DOI]
  • J. Galbally, S. Marcel and J. Fierrez, "Image Quality Assessment for Fake Biometric Detection: Application to Iris, Fingerprint and Face Recognition", IEEE Trans. on Image Processing, Vol. 23, n. 2, pp. 710-724, February 2014. [PDF] [DOI]
  • M. Gomez-Barrero, J. Galbally and J. Fierrez, "Efficient Software Attack to Multimodal Biometric Systems and its Application to Face and Iris Fusion", Pattern Recognition Letters, Vol. 36, pp. 243-253, January 2014. [PDF] [DOI]
  • (2012-2016) COST IC1106
    Title: Integrating Biometrics and Forensics for the Digital Age
    Type: COST Action, Intergovermental Framework for European Cooperation in the Field of Technical and Scientific Research
    Code: COST IC1106
    Funding: ca. 400 Keuros (Full project)
    Participants: 29 EU Countries
    Period: March 2012 - March 2016
    Principal investigator(s): Massimo Tistarelli (Spanish representative: Julian Fierrez)

    Objectives:
    • Biometrics and Forensic Science have an enormous potential jointly to attack a number of longstanding and emerging challenges. Nonetheless their communities – to their mutual detriment - have often operated in relative isolation.
    • This Action will stimulate an innovative and timely cooperation between the Biometrics and the Forensic Science communities. The goal is the imaginative integration of their skills and activities to develop novel solutions in the fight against crime.

    Selected publications:
    • P. Tome, R. Vera-Rodriguez, J. Fierrez and J. Ortega-Garcia, "Facial Soft Biometric Features for Forensic Face Recognition", Forensic Science International, Vol. 257, pp. 171-284, December 2015. [PDF] [DOI]
    • A. Drygajlo, J. Fierrez, C. Li, P. Lobato, R. Farrugia and J. Vella, Proc. of 2014 International Workshop on Biometrics and Forensics, March 2014. [DOI]
    • P. Tome, J. Fierrez, R. Vera-Rodriguez and D. Ramos, "Identification using Face Regions: Application and Assessment in Forensic Scenarios", Forensic Science International, n. 233, pp. 75-83, 2013. [PDF] [DOI]

      Web: http://www.cost.eu/COST_Actions/ca/CA16101
      (2012-2016) BEAT
      Title: Biometrics Evaluation and Testing
      Type: FP7-SECURITY, CP-FP: Small or Medium-scale Focused Research Project
      Code: SEC-2011.5.1-1-284989
      Funding: ca. 3.5 Meuros (ca. 530 Keuros for UAM)
      Participants: 10 EU Institutions, including Univ. Autonoma de Madrid
      Period: March 2012 - February 2016
      Principal investigator(s): Sebastien Marcel (Julian Fierrez for UAM)

      Objectives:
      • Identity management using Biometrics is deployed in a growing number of applications ranging from identification platforms (e.g. biometric passports) to access control systems for border checks or banking transactions. Unfortunately, the reliability of these technologies remains difficult to compare. There are no european-wide standards for evaluating their accuracy, their robustness to attacks or their privacy preservation strength.
      • BEAT will fill this gap by building an online and open platform to transparently evaluate biometric systems, designing protocols and tools for vulnerability analysis and developing standardization documents for Common Criteria evaluations. The planned impact is three-fold: the reliability of biometric systems becomes standardized and comparable, potentially leading to a meaningful increase in their performance; technology transfer from research to companies becomes easier with the use of an interoperable framework; authorities and decision-makers become more informed about the progress made in biometrics as results impact standards.

      Selected publications:
      • M. Gomez-Barrero, J. Galbally, A. Morales and J. Fierrez, "Privacy-Preserving Comparison of Variable-Length Data with Application to Biometric Template Protection", IEEE Access, Vol. 5, pp. 8606-8619, June 2017. [PDF] [DOI]
      • A. Morales, J. Fierrez, R. Tolosana, J. Ortega-Garcia, J. Galbally, M. Gomez-Barrero, A. Anjos and S. Marcel, "Keystroke Biometrics Ongoing Competition", IEEE Access, Vol. 4, pp. 7736-7746, November 2016. [PDF] [DOI]
      • M. Gomez-Barrero, C. Rathgeb, J. Galbally, C. Busch and J. Fierrez, "Unlinkable and Irreversible Biometric Template Protection Based on Bloom Filters", Information Sciences, Vol. 370-371, pp. 18-32, November 2016. [PDF] [DOI]
      • M. Gomez-Barrero, J. Galbally and J. Fierrez, "Efficient Software Attack to Multimodal Biometric Systems and its Application to Face and Iris Fusion", Pattern Recognition Letters, Vol. 36, pp. 243-253, January 2014. [PDF] [DOI]

      Web: http://cordis.europa.eu/project/rcn/102363_en.html
      (2010-2014) TABULA RASA
      Title: Trusted Biometrics under Spoofing Attacks
      Type: FP7-ICT, CP: Collaborative Project
      Code: FP7-ICT-257289
      Funding: ca. 4 Meuros (ca. 369 Keuros for UAM)
      Participants: 12 EU Institutions, including Univ. Autonoma de Madrid
      Period: November 2010 - March 2014
      Principal investigator(s): Sebastien Marcel (Julian Fierrez for UAM)

      Objectives:
      • To study direct (spoofing) attacks to trusted biometric systems. This is an issue that needs to be addressed urgently because it has recently been shown that conventional biometric techniques, such as fingerprints and face, are vulnerable to direct (spoof) attacks. Direct attacks are performed by falsifying the biometric trait and then presenting this falsified information to the biometric system. One example is to fool a fingerprint system by copying the fingerprint of another person and creating an artificial or gummy finger which can then be presented to the biometric system to falsely gain access.
      • To develop a set of best practices and standards to examine this problem.
      • To propose countermeasures such as combining biometric information from multiple sources.
      • To examine novel biometrics that may be inherently robust to direct attacks.

      Selected publications:
      • S. Marcel, M. Nixon, J. Fierrez and N. Evans, Handbook of Biometric Anti-Spoofing, 2018 (to appear).
      • J. Galbally, S. Marcel and J. Fierrez, "Biometric Anti-spoofing Methods: A Survey in Face Recognition", IEEE Access, Vol. 2, pp. 1530-1552, December 2014. [PDF] [DOI]
      • J. Galbally, S. Marcel and J. Fierrez, "Image Quality Assessment for Fake Biometric Detection: Application to Iris, Fingerprint and Face Recognition", IEEE Trans. on Image Processing, Vol. 23, n. 2, pp. 710-724, February 2014. [PDF] [DOI]

      Web: http://cordis.europa.eu/project/rcn/95739_en.html
      (2010-2013) CONTEXTS
      Title: Concepts and Technologies for the Development of Services
      Type: Madrid Regional R&D Program
      Code: S2009/TIC-1485
      Funding: ca. 200 Keuros for UAM
      Participants: Univ. Politecnica de Madrid, Univ. Carlos III de Madrid, Univ. de Alcala, Univ. Autonoma de Madrid
      Period: January 2010 - December 2013
      Principal investigator(s): Jose R. Casar (Javier Ortega-Garcia for UAM)

      Selected publications:
      • M. Martinez-Diaz, J. Fierrez and J. Galbally, "The DooDB Graphical Password Database: Data Analysis and Benchmark Results", IEEE Access, Vol. 1, pp. 596-605, September 2013. [PDF] [DOI]
      • R. Vera-Rodriguez, J. S. Mason, J. Fierrez and J. Ortega-Garcia, "Comparative Analysis and Fusion of Spatio-Temporal Information for Footstep Recognition", IEEE Trans. on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, Vol. 35, pp. 823-834, April 2013. [PDF] [DOI]
      • F. Alonso-Fernandez, J. Fierrez and J. Ortega-Garcia, "Quality Measures in Biometric Systems", IEEE Security & Privacy, Vol. 10, n. 9, pp. 52-62, December 2012. [PDF] [DOI]
      (2010-2013) BBfor2
      Title: Bayesian Biometrics for Forensics
      Type: FP7-PEOPLE, ITN: Marie Curie Initial Training Network
      Code: ITN-2008-238803
      Funding: ca. 3.2 Meuros (ca. 415 Keuros for UAM)
      Participants: Univ. Autonoma de Madrid, Stichting Katholieke Unversiteit Nijmegen, Politecnico di Torino, Universiteit Twente, IDIAP, University of York, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Hogskolan i Halmstad, NFI
      Period: January 2010 - December 2013
      Principal investigator(s): David van Leeuwen (Julian Fierrez for UAM)

      Objectives:
      • To provide a training infrastructure that will educate Early Stage Researchers in the core biometric technologies of speaker, face and fingerprint recognition, as well as the forensic aspects of these technologies.
      • According to modern interpretation of evidence in court, biometric evidence must be presented as likelihood ratios. The calibration of likelihood ratios of individual behavioural and physical biometrics and of combinations of biometric modalities, including measures of the quality of the traces, is a unifying topic in all research projects in this Network.
      • The training of ESRs will be realized as individual PhD projects at various research labs, including a forensic institute. Apart from training at their host institute and secondments with other network partners, the ESRs will receive training in dedicated Summer Schools on Biometric Signal Processing, Bayesian Techniques in Forensic Applications and Legal Issues in Forensic Applications.
      • The Network combines 8 European Universities and a leading Forensic Institute; it is augmented by a biometric industrial and a research institute, where secondments of the ESRs will take place.

      Selected publications:
      • D. Ramos, R. P. Krish, J. Fierrez and D. Meuwly, "From Biometric Scores to Forensic Likelihood Ratios", Massimo Tistarelli and Christophe Champod (Eds.), Handbook of Biometrics for Forensic Science, Springer, pp. 305-327, 2017. [PDF] [DOI]
      • R. P. Krish, J. Fierrez, D. Ramos, J. Ortega-Garcia and J. Bigun, "Pre-Registration of Latent Fingerprints based on Orientation Field", IET Biometrics, Vol. 4, pp. 42-52, June 2015. [PDF] [DOI]
      • R. Wang, D. Ramos, R. Veldhuis, J. Fierrez, L. Spreeuwers and H. Xu, "Regional Fusion for High-Resolution Palmprint Recognition Using Spectral Minutiae Representation", IET Biometrics, Vol. 3, pp. 94-100, June 2014. [PDF] [DOI]

      Web: http://cordis.europa.eu/project/rcn/93020_en.html
      (2010-2012) BIO-CHALLENGE
      Title: Critical Aspects of Last-Generation Biometric Recognition: Quality, Vulnerability, Privacy and Biometrics on the Move
      Type: Spanish National R&D Program
      Code: TEC2009-11186
      Participants: Univ. Autonoma de Madrid
      Period: January 2010 - December 2012
      Principal investigator(s): Javier Ortega-Garcia

      Selected publications:
    • P. Tome, J. Fierrez, R. Vera-Rodriguez and M. Nixon, "Soft Biometrics and their Application in Person Recognition at a Distance", IEEE Transactions on Information Forensics and Security, Vol. 9, n. 3, pp. 464-475, March 2014. [PDF] [DOI]
    • F. Alonso-Fernandez, J. Fierrez and J. Ortega-Garcia, "Quality Measures in Biometric Systems", IEEE Security & Privacy, Vol. 10, n. 9, pp. 52-62, December 2012. [PDF] [DOI]
    • M. Martinez-Diaz, J. Fierrez, J. Galbally and J. Ortega-Garcia, "An Evaluation of Indirect Attacks and Countermeasures in Fingerprint Verification Systems", Pattern Recognition Letters, Vol. 32, pp. 1643-1651, September 2011. [PDF] [DOI]
    • (2008-2013) TERASENSE
      Title: TeraHertz Technology for Electromagnetic Sensing Applications
      Type: Spanish National R&D Program, Consolider-Ingenio 2010
      Code: CSD2008-00068
      Funding: ca. 3.5 Meuros (ca. 146 Keuros for UAM)
      Participants: 16 Spanish universities, including Univ. Autonoma de Madrid
      Period: October 2008 - September 2013
      Principal investigator(s): Lluis Jofre (Javier Ortega-Garcia for UAM)

      Objectives:
      • To advance the knowledge on the interaction between the matter and electromagnetic waves in the Terahertz band.
      • To define new system architectures and devices able to solve the existing technological gaps in the different spectral bands of the Terahertz region.
      • To define and build a terahertz networked laboratory infrastructure at national level able to support the development of the different devices and subsystems.
      • To structure and coordinate a joint public-private research effort at national level to improve the joint presence and projection at international levels, particularly at EU level, to optimize the benefits of the advancement on the electromagnetic sensing field.

      Selected publications:
      • E. Gonzalez-Sosa, R. Vera-Rodriguez, J. Fierrez, M. Moreno-Moreno and J. Ortega-Garcia, "Feature Exploration for Biometric Recognition using Millimetre Wave Body Images", EURASIP Journal on Image and Video Processing, Vol. 30, December 2015. [PDF] [DOI]
      • M. Barba, A. Garcia-Pino, E. Gonzalez-Sosa, J. Gutierrez, J. Montero-de-Paz, J. Parron, J. Romeu, P. d. Paco, J. Encinar, L. E. Garcia-Muñoz, B. Gonzalez-Valdes, E. Nova, R. Vera-Rodriguez, K. Zeljami, A. Badolato, J. Besada, T. Fernandez, J. Fierrez, et al., "TERASENSE: THz Device Technology Laboratory. Final Summary", in XXIX Simposium Nacional de la Unión Científica Internacional de Radio, URSI, Valencia, Spain, September 2014. [PDF]
      • M. Moreno-Moreno, J. Fierrez and J. Ortega-Garcia, "Biometrics Beyond the Visible Spectrum: Imaging Technologies and Applications", in Proceedings of BioID-Multicomm 2009, Springer LNCS-5707, pp. 154-161, September 2009. [PDF]

      Web: http://www.terasense.org/
      (2007-2010) MADRINET
      Title: Multidisciplinary Advanced Research in User-Centric Wireless Network Enabling Technologies
      Type: Madrid Regional R&D Program
      Code: S-0505/TIC/000255
      Funding: ca. 156 Keuros for UAM
      Participants: 10 Spanish universities, including Univ. Autonoma de Madrid
      Period: January 2007 - December 2010
      Principal investigator(s): Jose R. Casar (Javier Ortega-Garcia for UAM)

      Objectives:
      • This programme aims at advancing the key elements in frontier communications and location technologies, data processing and multisensory fusion and the paradigms for intelligent/adaptative management, that will make feasible the development of advanced applications for ambient intelligence.

      Selected publications:
      • J. Galbally, J. Fierrez, J. Ortega-Garcia, et al., "BiosecurID: a Multimodal Biometric Database", in Proc. MADRINET Workshop, pp. 68-76, Salamanca, Spain, November 2007. [PDF]
      • M. Martinez-Diaz, J. Fierrez, J. Galbally, F. Alonso-Fernandez and J. Ortega-Garcia, "Signature Verification on Handheld Devices", in Proc. MADRINET Workshop, pp. 87-95, Salamanca, Spain, November 2007. [PDF]

      Web: http://www.ceditec.etsit.upm.es/madrinet/index_en.html
      (2007-2010) BIO-RESIDENCE
      Title: Biometrics Revisited for Security, Confidence and Dependability
      Type: FP6-PEOPLE, MOIF: Marie Curie Outgoing International Fellowship (Postdoc)
      Code: MOIF-CT-2006-040903
      Funding: ca. 245 Keuros
      Participants: Univ. Autonoma de Madrid, Michigan State University
      Period: April 2007 – March 2010
      Principal investigator(s): Julian Fierrez

      Objectives:
      • To track the state-of-the-art on established biometrics traits.
      • To advance the state-of-the-art on: i) user-friendly and well-accepted traits; and ii) multi-biometrics and biometric quality.
      • To track and further develop application-oriented issues of importance for security, dependability and confidence using biometrics: i) technology and operational benchmarking; ii) usability, acceptability, and interaction with biometric interfaces; iii) standardization, certification, and legislation; iv) biometric cryptosystems; v) countermeasures to attacks on biometrics; vi) system issues such as database indexation, interoperability and secure networking; and vii) case studies including two system prototypes (smartcard-based biometric ID and remote authentication using a handheld device).

      Selected publications:
      • J. Fierrez and J. Ortega-Garcia, "Fusion, User-Specific", Stan Z. Li and Anil K. Jain (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Biometrics, Springer, pp. 778-782, 2015. [DOI]
      • F. Alonso-Fernandez, J. Fierrez and J. Bigun, "Quality Measures in Biometric Systems", Stan Z. Li and Anil K. Jain (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Biometrics, Springer, pp. 1287-1297, 2015. [DOI]
      • J. Fierrez and J. Ortega-Garcia, "On-line Signature Verification", A. K. Jain, A. Ross and P.Flynn (Eds.), Handbook of Biometrics, Springer, pp. 189-209, 2008. [PDF] [DOI]

      Web: http://cordis.europa.eu/project/rcn/83578_en.html
      (2006-2010) COST 2101
      Title: Biometrics for Identity Documents and Smart Cards
      Type: COST Action, Intergovermental Framework for European Cooperation in the Field of Technical and Scientific Research
      Code: COST 2101
      Funding: ca. 400 Keuros (Full project)
      Participants: 20 EU Countries
      Period: July 2006 - December 2010
      Principal investigator(s): Andrzej Drygajlo (Spanish representative: Javier Ortega-Garcia)

      Objectives:
      • To investigate novel technologies for unsupervised multimodal biometric authentication systems using a new generation of biometrics-enabled identity documents and smart cards, while exploring the added-value of these technologies for large-scale applications with respect to European requirements in relation to the storage, transmission, and protection of personal data.

      Selected publications:
      • M. Gomez-Barrero, J. Galbally, J. Fierrez and J. Ortega-Garcia, "Hill-Climbing Attack Based on the Uphill Simplex Algorithm and its Application to Signature Verification", in Proc. COST 2101 Workshop on Biometrics and Identity Management, Springer LNCS-6583, pp. 83-94, Brandenburg, Germany, March 2011. [PDF] [DOI]
      • J. Fierrez, J. Ortega-Garcia, A. Esposito, A. Drygajlo and M. Faundez-Zanuy, Biometric ID Management and Multimodal Communication, September 2009. [DOI]
      • V. Ruiz-Albacete, P. Tome-Gonzalez, F. Alonso-Fernandez, J. Galbally, J. Fierrez and J. Ortega-Garcia, "Direct Attacks using Fake Images in Iris Verification", in Proc. COST 2101 Workshop on Biometrics and Identity Management, Springer LNCS-5372, pp. 181-190, Roskilde, Denmark, May 2008. [PDF] [DOI]

      Web: http://www.cost.eu/COST_Actions/ict/2101
      (2006-2009) BIO-PASS
      Title: Transparent Modalities in Multibiometric Systems for Low Vulnerability and High User-Convenience
      Type: Spanish National R&D Program
      Code: TEC2006-13141-C03-03
      Participants: Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Univ. Autonoma de Madrid and Esc. Univ. Politec. Mataro
      Period: December 2006 – December 2009
      Principal investigator(s): Miguel Angel Ferrer Ballester (Javier Ortega-Garcia for UAM)

      Objectives:
      • The use of biometric recognition systems has yielded significant progress in the last years. However, considerable advances on both system precision and cost reduction of sensors, have not produced an increase in user confidence, mainly due to lack of reliability in real operational environments, and also due to privacy and vulnerability concerns. In order to alleviate the problems generated by the adoption of biometric systems, which are in any case highly valuable for industrials, this project proposes innovative multimodal schemes operating in realistic environments.

      Selected publications:
      • F. Alonso-Fernandez, J. Fierrez, D. Ramos and J. Gonzalez-Rodriguez, "Quality-Based Conditional Processing in Multi-Biometrics: Application to Sensor Interoperability", IEEE Trans. on Systems, Man and Cybernetics Part A, Vol. 40, n. 6, pp. 1168-1179, 2010. [PDF] [DOI]
      • F. Alonso-Fernandez, J. Fierrez, J. Ortega-Garcia, J. Gonzalez-Rodriguez, H. Fronthaler, K. Kollreider and J. Bigun, "A Comparative Study of Fingerprint Image-Quality Estimation Methods", IEEE Trans. on Information Forensics and Security, Vol. 2, n. 4, pp. 734-743, December 2007. [PDF] [DOI]
      • J. Fierrez, J. Ortega-Garcia, D. Ramos and J. Gonzalez-Rodriguez, "HMM-based On-line Signature Verification: Feature Extraction and Signature Modeling", Pattern Recognition Letters, Vol. 28, n. 16, pp. 2325-2334, December 2007. [PDF] [DOI]
      (2004-2007) BIOSECURE
      Title: Biometrics for Secure Authentication
      Type: FP6-IST, NOE: Network of Excellence
      Code: IST-2002-507634
      Funding: ca. 3 Meuros (ca. 140 Keuros for UPM)
      Participants: 29 European institutions, including Univ. Politecnica de Madrid
      Period: June 2004 – September 2007
      Principal investigator(s): Bernadette Dorizzi (Javier Ortega-Garcia for UPM)

      Objectives:
      • To strengthen and to integrate multidisciplinary research efforts in order to investigate biometrics-based identity authentication methods, for the purpose of meeting the trust and security requirements in our progressing digital information society.
      • The previous goal will be attained with various integrating efforts: i) generating a common evaluation framework (including databases, reference systems and assessment protocols), ii) participating to standardisation efforts, and iii) identifying and addressing the technical challenges linked to practical applications.

      Selected publications:
      • J. Ortega-Garcia, J. Fierrez, et al., "The Multi-Scenario Multi-Environment BioSecure Multimodal Database (BMDB)", IEEE Trans. on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, Vol. 32, n. 6, pp. 1097-1111, June 2010. [PDF] [DOI]
      • N. Poh, T. Bourlai, J. Kittler, L. Allano, F. Alonso-Fernandez, O. Ambekar, J. Baker, B. Dorizzi, O. Fatukasi, J. Fierrez, H. Ganster, J. Ortega-Garcia, D. Maurer, A. A. Salah, T. Scheidat and C. Vielhauer, "Benchmarking Quality-dependent and Cost-sensitive Score-level Multimodal Biometric Fusion Algorithms", IEEE Trans on Information Forensics and Security, Vol. 4, n. 4, pp. 849-866, 2009. [PDF] [DOI]
      • S. Garcia-Salicetti, J. Fierrez-Aguilar, et al., "Biosecure reference systems for on-line signature verification: A study of complementarity", Annals of Telecommunications, Special Issue on Multimodal Biometrics, Vol. 62, n. 1-2, January-February 2007. [PDF]

      Web: http://cordis.europa.eu/project/rcn/71478_en.html
      (2003-2006) BIOSECUR-ID
      Title: Multimodal Security with Biometric Authentication based on Multiple Classifiers
      Type: Spanish National R&D Program
      Code: TIC2003-08382-C05
      Participants: Univ. Politecnica de Madrid, Esc. Univ. Politecnica de Mataro, Univ. de Valladolid, Univ. Autonoma de Madrid, Univ. de Zaragoza
      Period: December 2003 - December 2006
      Principal investigator(s): Javier Ortega-Garcia

      Selected publications:
      • J. Fierrez, J. Galbally, et al., "BiosecurID: A Multimodal Biometric Database", Pattern Analysis and Applications, Vol. 13, n. 2, pp. 235-246, May 2010. [PDF] [DOI]
      • D. Garcia-Romero, J. Fierrez-Aguilar, J. Gonzalez-Rodriguez and J. Ortega-Garcia, "Using Quality Measures for Multilevel Speaker Recognition", Computer Speech and Language, Vol. 20, n. 2-3, pp. 192-209, April-July 2006. [PDF] [DOI]
      • J. Fierrez-Aguilar, J. Ortega-Garcia, J. Gonzalez-Rodriguez and J. Bigun, "Discriminative Multimodal Biometric Authentication Based on Quality Measures", Pattern Recognition, Vol. 38, n. 5, pp. 777-779, May 2005. [PDF] [DOI]
      (2003-2005) BIOSEC
      Title: Biometrics and Security
      Type: FP6-IST, IP: Integrated Project
      Code: IST-2002-001766
      Funding: ca. 5.5 Meuros (ca. 180 Keuros for UPM)
      Participants: 29 European institutions, including Univ. Politecnica de Madrid
      Period: December 2003 - November 2005
      Principal investigator(s): Orestes Sanchez-Benavente (Javier Ortega-Garcia for UPM)

      Objectives:
      • BioSec will provide improved performance to: novel 3D face and hand method, noise-cancellation based voice verification method, as well as with emphasis on multimodal biometrics, including face-voice and iris-finger combinations used together with advanced classification methodology.
      • Fake-resistive methods will be developed for high security fingerprint and iris verification. Token-based solutions are developed for enhanced privacy in sensitive applications.
      • BioSec consortium observes and actively contributes to the development of biometric standards.
      • The aim is in disseminating project results to general public, scientific community, business and public bodies in the field. Coherent methods for performance evaluation will be developed and applied in the project. This includes also acquisition and deployment of sufficient test material in the form of databases, latter to be made available for the research community.
      • The usability and attitude issues will be an integral part of planning biometric use-cases. Scenarios will focus on the cases of remote access and physical access control.

      Selected publications:
      • J. Fierrez, J. Ortega-Garcia, D. Torre-Toledano and J. Gonzalez-Rodriguez, "BioSec Baseline Corpus: A Multimodal Biometric Database", Pattern Recognition, Vol. 40, n. 4, pp. 1389-1392, April 2007. [PDF] [DOI]
      • M. Faundez-Zanuy, J. Fierrez-Aguilar, J. Ortega-Garcia and J. Gonzalez-Rodriguez, "Multimodal Biometric Databases: An Overview", IEEE Aerospace and Electronic Systems Magazine, Vol. 21, n. 8, pp. 29-37, August 2006. [PDF] [DOI]

      Web: http://cordis.europa.eu/project/rcn/74601_en.html
      (2001-2005) COST 275
      Title: Biometrics-Based Recognition of People over the Internet
      Type: COST Action, Intergovermental Framework for European Cooperation in the Field of Technical and Scientific Research
      Code: COST 275
      Participants: 14 Countries involved
      Period: May 2001 - June 2005
      Principal investigator(s): Aladdin Ariyaeeinia (Javier Ortega-Garcia for Spain)

      Selected publications:
      • F. Alonso-Fernandez, J. Fierrez-Aguilar and J. Ortega-Garcia, "A Review of Schemes for Fingerprint Image Quality Computation", in Proc. 3rd COST-275 Workshop on Biometrics on the Internet, Hertfordshire, UK, October 2005. [PDF]
      • J. Richiardi, J. Fierrez-Aguilar, J. Ortega-Garcia and A. Drygajlo, "On-line Signature Verification Resilience to Packet Loss in IP Networks", in Proc. 2nd COST-275 Workshop on Biometrics on the Internet, pp. 11-16, Vigo, Spain, March 2004. [PDF]

      Web: http://www.cost.eu/COST_Actions/ict/275
      (2000-2003) MCYT-MULTIMODAL
      Title: Identification Applications using Multimodal Biometrics
      Type: Spanish National R&D Program
      Code: TIC2000-1669-C04
      Participants: Universidad Politecnica de Madrid, Escuela Universitaria Politecnica de Mataro, Universidad del Pais Vasco and Universidad de Valladolid
      Period: December 2000 - December 2003
      Principal investigator(s): Javier Ortega-Garcia

      Selected publications:
      • J. Ortega-Garcia, J. Fierrez-Aguilar, et al., "MCYT Baseline Corpus: A Bimodal Biometric Database", IEE Proceedings Vision, Image and Signal Processing, Special Issue on Biometrics on the Internet, Vol. 150, n. 6, pp. 395-401, December 2003. [PDF] [DOI]